ReSET Blog
Blog · June 15, 2022 · AUTHOR: Darwin Pelea

What Is A Mortgage Loan? A Quick Introduction For First-Time Homebuyers

Buying a home is probably the most significant financial decision most of us will make. A mortgage may seem like a risky investment, but home ownership provides long-term benefits that can't be matched by renting, such as building equity and qualifying for tax breaks. It's not an easy process for everyone.

The housing market has changed drastically over the past few years, making it more difficult for first-time homebuyers to get financing from banks and lenders. However, there are plenty of ways you can rise to the challenge and purchase your own house before you hit. To help you get started on the road to homeownership sooner rather than later, we have compiled a list of factors you should keep in mind when deciding whether buying or renting is right for you.

What Is A Mortgage Loan?

A mortgage loan is a type of loan that allows you to purchase a home with a low down payment and monthly payments. A mortgage loan is typically used to buy a primary residence but can also be used to purchase a home or investment property.

Many types of mortgages are available today, but most fall into two categories: fixed and adjustable-rate mortgages (ARMs). Fixed-rate loans generally have lower interest rates than ARMs, but they also come with higher monthly payments because your loan balance doesn't change over time as it does in an ARM. Adjustable-rate loans start with low-interest rates but can increase every year or two based on whether or not the Federal Reserve raises rates on its target rate (known as the fed funds rate).

These are things you keep in mind when applying for a mortgage loan.

Finance charge - This is the total amount you'll owe on your mortgage loan, including interest and principal.

Mortgage rate - This is the annual percentage rate (or APR) you'll be charged for the mortgage loan. The rate is calculated based on the amount you're borrowing, how long the loan will last, your credit history, and other factors. For example, the longer the loan lasts, the higher the rate.

Mortgage payment - This is the amount you'll need to pay monthly to repay the loan. This amount is calculated by adding the finance charge to the loan principal.

What is a first-time homebuyer?

A first-time homebuyer is someone who has never owned a home before. It includes people who were renting or living with their parents. The term "first-time homebuyer" describes those who have not owned a house and are making their first purchase of a property.

First-time buyers are often described as "credit challenged" or "limited credit." While this may be true, it's important to remember that anyone can become a homeowner if they work hard and save money for the down payment and closing costs.

How Much Money Can You Spend on a Home?

When deciding how much money you can spend on a home, consider these factors:

Down payment: The more money you put down upfront, the lower your monthly payments will be and the less interest you'll pay over time. The more money you put down upfront, the lower your monthly payments will be, and the less interest you'll pay over time.

If applicable, monthly housing costs include mortgage payments (principal and interest), taxes and insurance premiums, and homeowner association fees. These include mortgage payments (principal and interest), taxes, insurance premiums, and homeowner association fees.

What Should You Do Before Buying A Home?

You've saved up a down payment, toured dozens of homes, and know precisely what you're looking for — now it's time to buy a home. But before signing on the dotted line, you should do a few things to make sure you're ready to buy.

Get preapproved for a mortgage loan: Before you begin house hunting, get preapproved for a mortgage loan — the process of determining if you qualify for a particular loan amount and terms. It can help by giving sellers confidence that they'll receive full payment at closing and provide you with peace of mind knowing how much house you can afford. It's also essential to get your credit in good shape, which we'll discuss further below.

Make sure your credit is in good shape: Your credit score is a one-factor lenders use to determine if they'll approve your mortgage and what kind of rate they'll offer you. The higher your score (and lower your debt-to-income ratio), the more likely lenders will approve your application and provide competitive loan rates. If you have bad credit or little savings, getting approved for financing can be challenging — but not impossible (more on this later).

Research the area where you want to buy to find the best deal in your price range: Check out the median sales price for homes in the neighborhoods where you want to live and research recent trends. Are prices going up or down? How quickly are homes selling? You can get this information from your realtor or online research. Knowing the market will help you figure out if you can make a competitive offer on a home.

Get an appraisal: If you plan to finance your home purchase, your lender will require an appraisal to ensure the home is worth the amount you borrow. You can also pay for your appraisal, which can cost around $400-$500. This appraiser will provide you with an estimate of the property's value.

Choose an agent who can help you navigate the home buying process: A real estate agent can help you find a home, make an offer on a home, negotiate with the seller's agent, and handle all the paperwork associated with the purchase. Choosing an experienced agent who knows the market well and will fight for your best interests is essential.

Make sure rental property owners have made all repairs before signing a lease agreement: When signing a lease agreement, ensure that the property owner has completed any repairs. If there are outstanding repairs, you may be responsible for their completion once you move in.

Purchase homeowners insurance coverage as soon as possible after moving into your new home: If you have not already done so, you should purchase homeowners insurance coverage as quickly as possible after moving into your new home. It will protect your home and belongings from fire, theft, or another covered event.

Make sure to keep up with your regular monthly payments until the end of your mortgage term: When you sign a mortgage, you agree to make recurring payments until the end of your mortgage term. If you miss even one payment, you could risk foreclosure. Therefore, it is vital to ensure that you keep up with your monthly payments until your mortgage is paid off.


Buying a home is one of the most significant financial decisions people will make in their lifetime. But, with housing prices continuing to rise and first-time homebuyers struggling to afford a down payment, mortgage financing remains out of reach for many Americans. Lending standards have tightened in recent years, making it even more difficult for prospective homebuyers to qualify for a mortgage loan. Fortunately, there are several financing options available that may be right for you. A mortgage loan is one such option - and it could be the key to unlocking your dream of owning a home. With these basics under your belt, you're now ready to take the plunge into homeownership. Looking for a mortgage broker or lender? Create an account with SetSchedule and connect with real estate professionals right away.

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