ReSET Blog
Blog · August 03, 2022 · AUTHOR: Darwin Pelea

Should I Invest In Real Estate Or Stock Market?

Investing in the stock market has long been seen as a safe and profitable way to grow your wealth. Real estate investing has become increasingly popular among people in recent years. Investing in the stock market has risks, but so does investing in real estate. So, which is the better investment? In this blog post, we'll explore the pros and cons of real estate and the stock market to help you decide.

What Is Stock Market Investment?

A stock market investment is when you buy a share of a company listed on a stock exchange. Your shares become a part of the company, and you are entitled to a portion of its profits (or losses). Many people invest in the stock market because it offers the potential for high returns. However, it is also risky and can result in substantial losses.

If an investor owns 100,000 shares of a company and one million shares remain outstanding, they own 10% of the company. We can illustrate this by assuming that the number of outstanding shares equals the number of shares an investor owns. Shares on the stock market are typically worth millions, if not billions. The investor owns 10% of the company.

Real estate vs. the stock market

There are several investment options available. Two popular choices are real estate and the stock market. But which is the better investment? Risk tolerance and goals determine how much risk you are willing to take. A stock market investment may be a better choice. The stock market may be a better option if you are looking for stability and want to avoid volatility.

However, if you have more of a long-term perspective and can tolerate some uncertainty (like ups and downs in value), then an investment in real estate might be worth considering. Real estate investing is a good investment because you own something tangible that will likely increase in value over time. Additionally, interest rates are typically lower than what you would get with stocks depending on the type of property and location.

Pros Of Real Estate Investment

Investment in real estate has several advantages. Take a look at the following reasons:

Below-market Real Estate

If you have sufficient cash, you can sometimes acquire real estate at below-market prices when the seller is in a hurry to sell. When you commit to real estate investing full-time, it is easier to understand local market prices deeply, which is the key to taking advantage of these anomalies. It is especially easy for real estate agents to locate properties priced below market value.

Tax benefits of real estate

If you invest in real estate, you can claim depreciation without incurring any cash outflow. In addition, you can reduce your taxable income, reducing the amount of taxes you would otherwise owe. Currently, residential property depreciates for 27112 years, while commercial property depreciates for 39 years.

Cash inflows from real estate

Property owners receive rent payments from their properties. Some properties also pay for washers and dryers, parking, and storage. There may be substantial net cash inflows based on the offsets for property taxes, mortgage payments, maintenance, etc.

The value of real estate increases

The level of local demand determines real estate appreciation. Even within a small distance, this can vary significantly. However, you can increase the value of your property considerably if you choose it carefully. As a result of your ability to fix up real estate, it may increase substantially in value.

Leverage benefits from real estate financing

The average real estate purchase involves a substantial mortgage, typically 70-80% of the purchase price. Thus, any property return will be magnified by the debt owed. Using so much debt to finance the purchase, if you make a $50,000 down payment and then earn $25,000 a year from the rental property, you will have made 50% on your $50,000 investment.

An inflation hedge is provided by real estate

  • Real estate, which tends to appreciate faster than inflation, has historically not suffered from ongoing inflation, which cuts into earnings generated by most forms of investment. The reason is that investors tend to bid up its price when inflation is high because they view real estate as a hedge against inflation. A safe investment, real estate prices may also increase during uncertain times.

  • Real estate is a safer investment with debt.

  • With a 20% down payment or less, you can take out a mortgage for the remainder of the purchase price. Margin trading is a very risky strategy, which is best left to a more seasoned investor.

Cons Of Real Estate Investment

Variable income from real estate

A low down payment increases mortgage payments, increasing the risk. In soft demand, you may not rent a property at all or be unable to raise the rental rate as much as you want. Buying property in an area with fundamental weaknesses like reliance on one local employer may result in closures and layoffs.

Rent Control

Rental income can be severely limited if the local government imposes rent controls on residential units. Though applying to a rent control board for a targeted rent increase may be possible, these requests are usually only granted grudgingly.

Maintenance Is Needed

You may have to deal with unexpected maintenance issues such as a leaking roof or a failing water heater. The repair and replacement costs may be substantial if you bought a property recently and did not spot a problem during the home inspection, and you may have no money to spare.

Time is Required for Real Estate

Learning about the neighborhoods you want to invest in, identifying potential investment problems, and dealing with maintenance issues will require considerable time in real estate. Getting in touch with tenants can be done by hiring a property manager, but working with the property manager will still take some time.

High transaction costs

It is common to pay commissions, title insurance, loan origination fees, and closing costs when buying or selling a property, thus wiping out its appreciation in market value. Free-standing homes generally attract the highest commission rates from real estate agents. If you hold on to a property for a long time, these costs can be offset.

Real Estate Income is Subject to Taxation

There are situations when property sales gains are not immediately taxed, as noted above. Taxes on gains from the sale of a property can be substantial at the federal and state levels.

Real Estate Values Can Decline

During a real estate bubble, property values may surge exponentially higher than long-run trends, causing the market value of the real estate to fall sharply in the short term. A modest down payment may lead to the loss of your entire down payment if you buy an expensive property and then sell it at its bottom price.

More Liability

A rental property occupied by people poses a higher risk of liability. Rental property insurance mitigates that risk but won't eliminate it. Before choosing a policy, shop around.


Investing in real estate can lead to an investor being overleveraged, which occurs when they overborrow or carry too much debt compared to the property's equity and cash flow. Regardless of the market drop, the property owner is still responsible for paying the mortgage and other expenses. Over-leveraged investors are liable for potentially huge losses if they remain overleveraged for an extended period. To mitigate some risks, you should avoid overborrowing and have a large emergency fund.

Pros Of Stock Market Investment

Benefits from a growing economy

Economic growth creates jobs, income, and sales, so corporate earnings grow as the economy grows. A bigger paycheck boosts consumer demand, which drives more revenue into a company's cash register. The business cycle consists of four phases—expansion, peak, contraction, and trough.

Easy to buy: 

To buy stocks, you need to set up an account. Once you've done that, you can buy stocks. You can buy stocks through a broker or financial planner or online. Small business owners can invest their businesses in stocks as well.

Earn in two ways: 

Day traders and long-term investors seek out fast-growing companies that appreciate value. They believe their stock-picking skills outperform the market. Other investors prefer regular payments. The companies they purchase pay moderate dividends and are expected to exploit short-term trends.

Keeping up with inflation:  

Over a long period, stocks have historically provided substantial annualized returns. On January 31, 2022, the S&P 500 achieved a return of 15.43%. It was better than the average annualized rate of inflation. It does, however, require a longer time frame. Doing so will allow you to buy and hold even if the value drops temporarily.


You can sell stocks on the stock market at any time. A liquid share means it is easy to sell quickly and for a low cost, which is important if you suddenly need money. Volatility makes you more likely to lose your money.

Cons Of Stock Market Investment


It could lose your entire investment. When a company behaves poorly, investors will sell it, resulting in a falling stock price. If you sell your shares, you will lose the original investment. You are exempt from income taxes when you lose money due to the loss of your shares. However, you will have to pay capital gains tax if you gain money.

Shareholders are paid last: 

When a company goes bankrupt, preferred shareholders, bondholders, and creditors receive payouts first. However, a well-diversified portfolio will protect you from business failures.


To determine if your stocks are profitable, research the company before buying them. Ask a financial advisor for help if you cannot read financial statements and annual reports and stay on top of the news. Stock prices may fall even during a market correction, downturn, or downturn, even if the best company has a great price.

More volatile

Stock prices move up and down much faster than real estate prices, making this difficult to handle. Suppose you intend to maintain your portfolio over the long term, meaning you remain invested despite volatility. In that case, stocks tend to move up and down much faster than real estate prices, causing stomach-churning volatility.

Stocks may be taxed on capital gains.

You may have to pay capital gains tax if you sell your stocks. If you have held your stock for over a year, you may qualify for a lower tax rate. Dividends paid out during the year may also be taxable.

Emotions can affect stock decisions.

It's easier to buy and sell stocks than real estate, but that doesn't mean you should. Investors often sell stocks when volatile markets, when buy-and-hold strategies typically yield greater returns. The investment process, including building a stock portfolio, should be viewed from a long-term perspective.

Conclusion: Is Real Estate Better than Stocks?

So which investment will be better in 2022? Generally, real estate is more stable, generates better returns, and can withstand inflation storms better than the stock market. For those who cannot afford an investment property, investing in real estate without owning it is not an option. However, the investor still has a choice to make. Making informed decisions based on your investment goals, financial situation, and risk appetite require extensive due diligence before investing

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