ReSET Blog
Blog · June 22, 2022 · AUTHOR: Darwin Pelea

How Can I Secure A Mortgage Pre-approval And What Documents Are Needed?

Mortgage pre-approval is a signal from a lender that you are eligible and qualify for a mortgage at the stated amount. It can increase your chances of being approved when applying for your mortgage. Pre-approval is not a guarantee that you will be approved when applying for the mortgage, but it helps you understand what documents you need and streamlines the process.

With pre-approval, you have a better chance of being approved and securing the best mortgage rate available and avoiding last-minute surprises. That's why we've prepared this post to help you get started with securing your pre-approval as soon as possible, so things go smoothly later on during the mortgage application phase.

What Is Mortgage Pre-approval?

Mortgage pre-approval is the process used by lenders to determine if a borrower qualifies for a loan before applying. The lender will review your finances and decide how much money they'll be willing to lend based on factors such as income, current debt obligations and credit history. This information is then used as part of an offer on a specific property so that both parties know what price range they're working with before entering into any negotiations over terms or conditions of sale (such as price).

How To Secure A Mortgage Pre-approval?

A mortgage pre-approval is a letter issued by your lender stating that you have been approved for a certain amount of money. This letter can be used as proof of income when applying for home loans, as it shows the lender has reviewed your financial situation and approved you for a certain amount.

Getting pre-approved is essential in the home-buying process because it helps you determine how much house you can afford and what type of loan program will work best with your current financial situation.

While there are many different requirements for securing a mortgage pre-approval letter, here are some of the most common steps:

Gather All Necessary Documents:

Your lender must review your income, assets and credit history before issuing an approval letter. Before meeting with a lender, gather any documents related to these items so they can review them during the meeting. These documents include pay stubs, bank statements and tax returns from the past two years (the 1040s). If you're self-employed, bring tax returns from the past three years and other supporting documentation such as business licenses and articles of incorporation.

Pull A Credit Report:

You'll also need to provide a lender with your credit report. This report includes information about your outstanding debts and payment history. Lenders use this information to determine whether or not you're likely to make timely payments on your mortgage loan.

Submit An Application:

The next step is to submit a mortgage loan application to the lender. This application will include personal information such as your employment history and current income. It will also ask for information about any outstanding debts, such as credit card balances and car loans.

After you've gathered all the necessary documents and submitted your mortgage loan application, the lender will review your information and issue a pre-approval letter if you're approved for financing. This letter will state the maximum loan amount you're eligible for based on your provided information. It's important to note that a pre-approval letter is not a guarantee that you'll get approved for financing, but it does show that the lender is willing to finance your home purchase up to a certain amount.

Which documents are required for the mortgage pre-approval?

The pre-approval process is the first step in securing a mortgage for a home purchase. With this document, you can shop for a home confidently and negotiate on price, knowing that your lender will approve your loan.

The process of pre-approval involves submitting documents to your lender and having them verify your income, employment, assets and debt. After reviewing your financial situation, they will provide you with an approval letter that states how much they are willing to lend you. To get a mortgage pre-approval, you'll need to gather the following documentation:

Income and employment:

The documents you need to verify your income depend on how you get paid. This is easiest for those who get paid by one source and have little or no overtime pay. They will provide you with a W-2 form and have a salary with little or no shift differentials.

  • Tax returns: Please submit copies of your two most recent federal and state returns
  • Income:

    • W-2 wage earners: It requires a copy of Form W-2 and your two most recent payroll stubs. If your new income includes any overtime or a generous bonus, you must provide your most recent end-of-year pay stub.

    • Self-employed, freelancers and independent contractors: Self-employed borrowers need a year-to-date profit and loss statement and two years of records to apply. Your records may include 1099s, but you do not need to have those.

    • Real estate income: If you are using this income to qualify for a mortgage, you would need to document your rental income, the address and lease of the building, and its current market value.


  • Bank statements: Copy 60 days of ideas for every account whose assets you use to qualify for the mortgage. Some pages later contain a word, but some are only blank.

  • Retirement and brokerage accounts: I will provide you with two months worth of account statements from investment accounts (stocks, bonds, and CDs). The last quarterly report from our 401(k)s displayed how much we are vested. Just like bank statements, show every page that generates information even if it's blank.


  • Real estate debt: If you own a house with a mortgage, you need to have your most recent statement (including your loan number and monthly payment details) and the insurance policy declaration page. This will allow me to see how much you owe on the property and whether or not it has been fully insured.

  • Monthly debt payments: To calculate your debt-to-income ratio, lenders primarily look at monthly debt obligations and not just the costs for one account. It means that, for example, if you're paying off a student loan and credit card debt or mortgage payments, the resulting ratio will be higher than if only one type of payment was taken into account. Incorporate the following into your agreement: lender name and address, account number and a description of the loan, the balance owed on the loan and a monthly payment amount. If you don't have any credit history or records of regular payments, utility bills may help you qualify for a mortgage.

Other records

  • Rent: Renters must provide the landlord's contact information and any available property lease agreements.

  • Divorce: Make sure that if you need to go to court, there is a copy of your divorce decree with any child support and alimony court orders.

  • Bankruptcy and foreclosure: Consult your lender to see what documents you'll need and how long you should wait before returning to the housing market.


Getting a mortgage pre-approval is an essential step in the home-buying process. This article provides a checklist of the documents you will need to secure a pre-approval, and it also explains the process of getting a pre-approval and what to expect. If you want to buy a home, follow the steps outlined to secure a pre-approval mortgage. Need more information on mortgage loans? Click this article on Quick Intro to Mortgage Loan

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